ASTA and Sweden
|ASTA and Sweden||Funding Agencies|
use, besides emissions of air pollutants, influences environmental
problems such as acidification, eutrophication and ground level ozone. The
acidified areas in Sweden often coincide with high productive forests,
which can lead to conflicts of interest. There is a need for integrated
analysis of the environmental impacts of transboundary air pollution and
land use (e.g. forestry practices) to visualise and explain the
available options to reach important environmental
goals in sensitive areas with high demands on land use.
In Sweden, the expectations on forests and aquatic environmental resources are high, and high productivity must be combined with the preservation of biodiversity. Products from renewable raw material from forests, including bio fuels, have many advantages from an environmental point of view. A significant part of the potential for future development of sector activities, especially in the energy sector, depends on biomass harvest from forests. Acidifying air pollutants reduce the potential of sustainable forest production, and this is an important driving force to reduce emissions. It is important to analyse the future interactions between acidifying air pollutants and increasing intensity in forestry. Increasing biomass removal from forests influences both acidification and nutrient status of forest soil.
During the planning of the ASTA programme it became obvious that national issues on energy, transport, land use and environment were also crucially dependent on the same type of scientific basis as the international negotiations. A national research programme was formed directed primarily towards these issues.